田野上一片积雪的翻译

course

1. in course of 在...过程中,在...时,在进行中。

The goods ordered are now in course of shipment. 定的货正在运输途中。

The new railway is in course of construction. 新铁路正在兴建当中。

2. in the course of 在……期间,在……的过程中。

He fell asleep in the course of duty. 他在值勤时睡着了。

He hopes to visit China in the course of this summer. 他希望在今年夏天访问中国。

注:该短语中的介词 in 有时也可换为 during。如:

During the course of the flight, we shall be serving meals and drinks. 在飞行期间,我们将提供饮食。

3. of course 当然。如:

Of course he’ll come to the meeting. 他当然会来开会。

The information, of course, might be false. 这消息当然可能是假的。

A:May I use your telephone? 我可以借用你的 *** 吗?

B:Yes, of course. 当然可以。

cover

1. cover *** (sth) with sth 用某物盖住某人(某物)。如:

Cover the table with a cloth. 在桌上盖上桌布。

She covered her face with her hands. 她用手掩面。

2. be covered by (with) sth 被某物所覆盖。如:

The field is covered with snow. 田野上一片积雪。

The top of the mountain was covered by a cloud. 山顶被云遮盖了。

注:用介词 by 或 with 的大致区别为:用 by 表示的往往是一种完全覆盖,而用 with 表示的往往是一种不完全覆盖;另外,用by强调动作,用 with 强调状态。如:

The house was completely covered by snow. 房子全被雪埋了。

The house was covered with snow. 房子上覆盖了一层雪。

cruel

1. It is cruel of *** to do sth 做某事是残忍的。如:

It’s cruel of her to kill the cat. 他把猫杀了,太残忍了。

It’s cruel of you to bully your friends like that. 你那样欺负你的朋友,真是太残忍了。

注:以上句型可作如下改写:

She was cruel to kill the cat.

You are cruel to bully your friends like that.

2. be cruel to *** 对某人残忍。如:

He was cruel to his parents. 他虐待父母。

Don’t be cruel to animals. 不要残忍地对待动物。

cry

1. cry for (over, about, with)。因某原因而哭。如:

He cried for joy. 他高兴得哭了。

He cried with pain. 他疼得哭了。

It’s no use crying over spilt milk. 牛奶打泼,哭也没用(事已如此,后悔也没用)。

2. cry out 大声叫喊。如:

The girl cried out for help. 这女孩大声求救。

The boy cried out with pain when he burned his fingers. 这男孩的手指烧伤时痛得大叫。

cure

1. cure *** (sth) 治好某人(某病等)。如:

This medicine will cure your cough. 这药可治好你的咳嗽。

A few days rest will cure you. 休息几天你的病就好了。

You cured me completely. 我的病被你完全治好了。

2. cure *** of sth 治好某人的病(恶习等)。如:

No medicine can cure a man of discontent. 没有药物能消除一个人的不满。

Parents try to cure their children of bad habits. 父母设法纠正孩子们的不良习惯。

curious

1. be curious about sth 对某事好奇或想知道某事。如:

Children are curious about everything. 儿童对什么都感到好奇。

Don’t be too curious about things you’re not supposed to know. 对于不要你知道的事情不要过多去打听。

2. be curious to do sth 想做某事。如:

I’m curious to know what he said. 我很想知道他说了什么。

A student should always be curious to learn. 一个学生应该总是有求知欲的。

cut

1. cut *** sth 为某人切某物。如:

Cut me some pineapple. 给我切几片菠萝吧。

He cut me a slice of bread. 他为我切了一块面包。

注:该句型也可转换为:

Cut some pineapple for me.

He cut a slice of bread for me.

2. cut sth into sth 把某物切成某物。如:

First cut the meat into *** all pieces. 先把肉切成小块。

He cut the apple into halves. 他把它切成了两半。

注:若指分为两半,可说成 cut sth into halves 或 cut sth in half。

3. cut down

(1) 砍倒。如:

They cut down the big tree. 他们把这棵大树砍倒了。

(2) 削减,压缩,缩减。如:

Expenses ought to be cut down in every way. 应该在一切方面减少开支。

You’d better cut the article down to about 2,000 words. 你更好能把这篇文章压到两千字左右。

4. cut in

(1) 插入,插话。如:

Don’t cut in when others are talking. 别人说话时别插话。

He kept cutting in on our conversation. 我们谈话时他老是插话。

注:cut in on sth 有时可说成 cut into sth, 如上面第二句也可说成:

He kept cutting into our conversation.

(2) 插队,超车。如:

He cut in at the head of the line. 他在队伍的前面插队。

The car overtook me and then cut in on me. 那辆小车超了我的车,然后插在我前面。

5. cut off 切断,隔断,断绝。如:

We were cut off in the middle of our telephone conversation. 我们在 *** 里谈话谈了一半就被切断了。

The flood cut the villagers off from the rest of the world. 洪水切断了村民们与外界的联系。

6. cut out 剪成,戒掉。如:

I must cut out *** oking. 我必须戒烟。

The rain and wind have cut out a deep valley. 风雨侵蚀出了一条深谷。

D

damage

1. do [cause] damage to *** (sth) 对某人或某物造成损害。如:

The accident did not do much damage to either of the cars. 两辆汽车在事故中均未受到很大损害。

The storm caused [did] serious damage to the crops. 暴风雨对农作物造成了严重的危害。

2. what’s the damage? 多少钱?

A:I need a new coat. 我需要买件新外衣了。

B:Oh, yes? What’s the damage? 是吗? 要多少钱?

danger

1. There’s danger in (doing) sth 做某事有危险。如:

There is danger in climbing a high mountain. 爬高山有危险。

There’s danger in telling her what you know. 把你知道的告诉她,那会有危险。

注:通常不说 (the) danger to do sth。

2. (the) danger of (doing) sth (做)某事的危险。如:

Is there any danger of fire? 有发生火灾的危险吗?

The child did not realize the danger of playing on the road. 这小孩没有意识到在马路上玩的危险。

注:通常不说 (the) danger to do sth。

3. in danger of (doing) sth 有发生某情况的危险。如:

The bridge is in danger of collapse. 桥有倒塌的危险。

You’re in danger of catching cold. 你有着凉的危险。

We’re in danger of being hit by a stone. 我们有被石头砸的危险。

4. out of danger 脱离危险。如:

The patient is now out of danger. 病人已脱离危险。

dangerous

1. be dangerous to do 做某事是危险的。如:

Fire is dangerous to play with. 玩火是危险的。

The river is dangerous to swim in. 在这河里游泳很危险。

2. It’s dangerous (for *** ) to do sth 做某事(对某人)很危险。如:

It is dangerous to swim in the river. 在这条河里游泳很危险。

It’s dangerous for women to walk alone at night. 晚上女人独自行走是危险的。

dare

1. daren’t have done sth。过去未敢做某事。如:

Mother dare not tell father she had given away his old jacket. 母亲不敢告诉父亲她把他的旧上衣送人了。

I didn’t like their new house though I daren’t have said so. 我不喜欢他们的新房子,虽然我没敢这样说过。

2. dare *** to do sth 激怒某人做某事,挑战某人做某事。如:

He dared me to jump. 他用激将法要我跳。

I dare you to tell your mother. 我谅你也不敢告诉你母亲。

注:有时只说 I dare you, 意为:我谅你也不敢。如:

Throw it at him! I dare you! 用它砸他呀! 我谅你也不敢。

3. I dare say 我想,大概,很可能。如:

I dare say things will improve. 我想情况会好起来的。

I dare say (that) it’ll rain tomorrow. 明天可能下雨。

注:I dare say 也可写成 I daresay。

dark

1. in the dark 在黑暗中。如:

Cats can see in the dark. 猫在黑暗中能够看见。

All the lights went out and we were left in the dark. 灯全部熄了,我们面前一片漆黑。

注:这样用的 in the dark 也可换成 in the darkness。

2. (be) in the dark (about) 对……一无所知或被蒙在鼓里。如:

I’m in the dark about their marriage. 我对他们的婚事一无所知。

We are still in the dark about the cause of the fire. 我们还不清楚起火的原因。

3. at (after, before) dark 在天黑时(后,前)。如:

They turn the light on at dark. 他们在黄昏时开灯。

He got home after (before) dark. 他天黑后(前)到家。

date

1. date back to / date from 从回溯至……,从……开始。如:

This church dates back to the 13th century. 这个教堂是13世纪建的(即可以回溯到13世纪)。

The custom dates from ancient times. 这个习俗是从古代开始的。

注:date back to 与 date from 两者大致同义,前者侧重从现在往过去回溯,而后者则侧重从过去往现在推移,其实两者均可解释为 have existed from, 所以两者通常都与一般现在时连用。

2. (be, go) out of date 过时的,不再用的,失效的。如:

My passport is out of date. 我的护照已经过期了。

These words have gone out of date. 这些词已经不再用了。

3. to date 到目前为止。如:

We haven’t got any further information to date. 到目前为止我们尚未获得进一步的消息。

To date there has been no improvement in his condition. 到目前为止,他的条件还没有改善。

4. up to date 新式的,适合目前的,载有最新资料的。如:

The book is up to date. 这本书载有最新资料。1

He’s very up to date in his method of teaching language. 他的语言教学法是非常新颖的。

dawn

1. at (before) dawn 在黎明时(前)。如:

You must start at (before) dawn. 你必须在天亮时(前)动身。

The postman has to get up at (before) dawn every day. 邮递员每天必须天亮时(前)起床。

2. from dawn till dark [dusk] 从早到晚。如:

We work from dawn to dark. 我们起早摸黑地工作。

注:该短语属书面用语,口语或非正式文体中用 from morningto night。

day

1. day after day 日复一日,多日,连续地。如:

Day after day went by, and still no message arrived. 一天天过去了,一直还没有消息。

Day after day he waited in vain for her to telephone him.

日复一日,他徒劳地等待着她的 *** 。

2. day by day 一天一天地,逐日。如:

Things are getting worse day by day. 情况一天天变糟。

He is getting better day by day. 他一天天地好起来。

Day by day he learnt more about his job. 他日益了解自己的工作了。

注:day by day 与 day after day 都可表示“一天天”,但前者通常指一个连续不断的动作(a continuous action), 往往有随着时间的推移(as time goes by)而连续不断之意。 后者表示动作在反复发生,往往暗示时间之久(for many many days)。另外从句法功能上看,day by day 在句中通常用作状语;而 day after day 除用作状语外,还可用作主语或宾语。

3. day and night 日夜不停地。如:

He worked day and night. 他日夜不停地工作。

注:该短语也可说成 night and day。

The machines kept running day and night [night and day]. 机器日夜不停地运转。

deaf

1. be deaf in [of] 耳聋。如:

He is deaf in [of] one ear. 他一只耳朵聋了。

2. be deaf to sth 对某事听不进。如:

He was deaf to all advice. 他听不进任何劝告。

注:有时也说 turn a deaf ear to sth。如:

He turned a deaf ear to our warnings and got lost. 他对我们的警告充耳不闻,结果迷失了方向。

3. the deaf 耳聋的人。如:

The school is set up for the deaf. 这所学校是为耳聋的人办的。

deal

1. a good [great] deal (of)

(1) 许多,大量。如:

He spent a good deal of money on it. 他对此花了不少钱。

At the end of the year there was a great deal to do. 年底有很多事要做。

We’ve heard a great deal about the writer. 关于这位作者的情况我们听说了很多。

(2) 经常,非常,……得多。如:

They see each other a great deal. 他们经常见面。

The woman was a good deal surprised. 这个女人非常吃惊。

He knew a great deal more than I did. 他所了解的比我了解的多得多。

2. deal in 做……买卖,出售,经营。如:

The shop deals in clothes. 这家商店经营服装。

We deal in hardware but not software. 我们经营硬件但不经营软件。

3. deal out 分配,分给,分发。如:

The money was dealt out fairly. 钱分配得公平合理。

I dealt out two apples to each child. / I dealt out eachof the children two apples. 我给每个小孩发了两个苹果。

4. deal with

(1) 处理,对付,对待。如:

How shall we deal with this matter? 这事我们怎么处理?

I don’t know how to deal with him. 我不知怎样与他相处。

(2) 论述。如:

The next chapter deals with verbs. 下一章论述动词。

This book deals with educational problems. 这本书论述教育问题。

(3) 做买卖,有商业关系。如:

We often deal with that shop. 我们经常在那家商店买东西。

(4) 与……打交道。如:

He is difficult to deal with. 他很难打交道。

We don’t deal with terrorists. 我们不与 *** 打交道。

debt

1. be in (out of) debt 欠(不欠)债。如:

Now he is in (out of) debt. 他现在欠(不欠)债。

He was still $5000 in debt. 他仍欠5000美元。

Out of debt, out of danger. 无债一身轻。

2. be in one’s debt / in the debt to *** 欠某人的情, 对某人感谢不尽。如:

You have been so kind to us that we shall always feel weare deeply in your debt. 你待我们太好了, 我们将永远感激不尽。

I am in debt to him for all his assistance to me. 对于他的种种帮助,我感谢不尽。

注:在现代英语中,该短语主要表示欠人情,而很少用于欠钱。

3. get [run] into debt 负债。如:

So he got into debt to the boss. 因此他欠了老板的债。

How did he run into debt? 他是怎样欠债的?

4. get out of debt 还清欠债。如:

It is much easier to get into debt than to get out of it. 借债容易还债难。

decide

1. decide to do sth 决定做某事。如:

We’ve decided to hold a meeting. 我们决定召开一个会议。

He decided to go to Paris for his holidays. 他决定去巴黎度假。

2. decide not to do sth 决定不做某事。如:

He decided not to go. 他决定不去。

He decided not to change his job. 他决定不改变工作。

注:该结构也可说成 decide against doing sth。如:

He decided against going.

He decided against changing his job.

2. decide on (doing) sth

(1) 决定做某事。如:

We decided on leaving. 我们决定离开。

He decided on going abroad. 他决定出国。

注:该结构有时可 decide to do sth 互换。如:

We decided to leave.

He decided to go abroad.

(2) 对……作出决定,选定。如:

We’ve decided on Paris (=that we should go to Paris) forour next holiday. 我们决定下次去巴黎度假。

He decided on a computer(=on buying a computer / to buy acomputer). 他决定买台电脑。

decision

1. make [take] a decision 作出决定。如:

I hope you’ve made [taken] the right decision. 我希望你作出了正确的决定。

We talked for a long time but couldn’t take a decision. 我们谈了很久,但没能作出决定。

2. reach [arrive at, come to] a decision 作出决定,下定决心。如:

We expect to reach [arrive at, come to] a decision soon. 我们希望很快作出决定。

We haven’t reached [arrived at, come to] a decision about it. 我们还没有对此作出决定。

3. the decision to do sth做某事的决定。如:

His decision to become an actor surprised us all. 他决定要当演员使我们大家吃了一惊。

We took the difficult decision to leave. 我们好不容易才作出离开的决定。

declare

1. declare against *** (sth) 声明反对某人或某事物。如:

They all declared against war. 他们都声明反对战争。

The students declared against cheating. 学生表示反对舞弊。

2. declare for *** (sth) 表明支持某人或某物。如:

They declared for the plan. 他们表明支持这项计划。

3. declare *** (sth) to be……宣布某人或某事物为……。如:

They declared John (to be) the winner of the game. 他们宣布约翰是比赛的获胜者。

He declared himself (to be) a member of their party. 他自称是他们团体的成员。

defence

1. in defence of

(1) 为了保卫……。如:

They fought in defence of their country. 他们为保卫祖国而战斗。

(2) 为辨护……。如:

He spoke in defence of the nation’s foreign policy. 他发言为国家的外交政策辨护。

田野上一片积雪的翻译  第1张

defend

1. defend oneself 自卫。如:

When the dog attacked me, I defended myself with a stick. 那狗向我扑来时,我用棍子自卫。

2. defend *** (sth) from [against] *** (sth) 保卫某人或某物免受某人或某物的侵袭(危害等)。如:

The safety devices defend workers from danger. 安全措施使工人免受危险。

Our duty is todefend the country against theenemies. 我们的职责是保卫祖国不受敌人侵袭。

The wall was built to defend the road from being washedaway by the sea. 建造这座堤是为了保护这条路不被海水冲垮。

degree

1. by degrees 逐渐地。如:

By degrees their friendship grew into love. 他们的友谊慢慢地变为爱情。

2. to a degree

(1) 在很大程度上,非常。如:

He is careful to a degree. 他非常小心。

The film was boring to a degree. 这部电影非常枯燥。

(2) 有点儿,稍微,部分地。如:

I think that’s true to a degree, but the situation isn’t quite as simple as that. 我想那有些是事实,但情况不完全像那样简单。

delay

1. delay doing sth 推迟做某事。如:

They have put off leaving. 他们已推迟动身。

They delayedpublishingthereportuntilaftertheelection. 他们把这个报告的发表推迟到选举之后。

2. delay sth until 把某事推迟到。如:

We decided to delay our vacation until next month. 我们决定把休假推迟到下个月。

3. delay in doing sth 推迟做某事。如:

My delay in going abroad is due to my illness. 我推迟出国是由于我生病了。

I have again delayed long in answering your letter. 我又迟迟没给你回信。

注:名词 delay 后可接 in doing sth, 但一般不接 of doingsth;另外动词 delay 后有时也可接 in doing sth, 但以省略in 为常见。

4. without delay 不耽误,立即。如:

Do it without delay. 请马上做它。

We must leave without delay. 我们必须立即离开。

delight

1. be delighted to do sth 很高兴地做某事。如:

I’m really delighted to see you. 见到你我真高兴。

I was delighted to hear the news of your success. 听到你成功的消息,我很高兴。

2. be delighted with (at, by) sth 对(因)某事感到高兴。如:

He was delighted at [by] the news. 听到这个消息他很高兴。

He was very much delighted with the results. 他对结果十分满意。

3. delight in (doing) sth 喜欢(做)某事。如:

He delights in (listening to) music. 他喜欢(听)音乐。

Boys delight in listening to stories. 男孩子喜欢听故事。

4. take delight in (doing) sth 喜欢做某事,从做某中取乐。如:

Now many people take delight in watching TV. 现在许多人都喜欢看电视。

He takes great delight in proving others wrong. 他的极大乐趣是证实别人是错的。

5. to one’s delight 使某人高兴是。如:

To our great delight the day turned out fine. 使我们感到十分高兴的是,天气转晴了。

To his delight his novel was accepted for publication. 使他大为高兴的是,他的小说被接受出版了。

6. with delight 高兴地。如:

I have read your letter with delight. 我高兴地拜读了你的来信。

demand

1. (the) demand for sth 对某事物的需求。如:

There is a great demand [much demand] for teachers here.

这里急需教师。

The workers’ demand for higher wages seemsreasonable. 工人增加工资的要求是合理的。

2. demand sth of [from] *** 向某人要求某事物。如:

He demanded an apology from her. 他要她道歉。

He demanded too high a price of me. 他向我索价太高。

3. demand to do sth 要求做某事。如:

She demanded to see the manager. 她要求见经理。

He demanded to know the truth. 他要求知道事实真相。

4. demand of *** to do sth 要求某人做某事。如:

They demanded of me to go with them. 我们要求我同他们一起去。

He demanded of us to tell him everything. 他要求我们把一切都告诉他。

注:该结构中的介词 of 不能省略,即 demand 不能接不定式的复合结构作宾语(即不用于 demand *** to do sth)。

5. in demand 有需求的,吃香的。如:

Newly-published novels are always in great demand. 新出版的小说需求量总是很大。

Special attention should be paid to the things always in demand by the public. 要特别注意那些公众始终需求的东西。

depend

1. depend on [upon] *** (sth) 依靠或依赖某人或某事物。如:

Whether we’ll go camping depends on the weather. 我们是否去野营要看天气。

I haven’t got a car, so I have to depend on the buses. 我没有汽车,所以我得乘公共汽车。

2. depend on [upon] *** (sth) for sth 依靠某人或某物提供某物。如:

We depend on the radio for news. 我们靠收音机听新闻。

Children depend on their parents for food and clothing. 儿童的衣食靠父母。

3. depend on [upon] *** (sth) doing [to do] sth 指望某人或某事做某事。如:

I’m depending on you to do the work. 我指望你做这工作。

You can’t depend on the train arriving on time. 千万不要认为火车能正点到达。

We all depend on you to come tomorrow. / We all depend onyou [your] coming tomorrow. 我们都指望你明天来。

4. depend on [upon] wh-clause 根据……而定,依靠……而定。如:

The amount you pay depends on where you live. 你付多少钱要看你住什么地方。

Our success depends on whether everyoneworkshardornot. 我们的成功取决于每个人是否努力。

注:该结构中的 on [upon] 后可接 wh-从句, 但一般不能直接接 that-从句,否则需借助 it。如:

You may depend on it that he will join our club. / You may depend on him to join our club. 你可以指望他加入我们的俱乐部。

5. It (all) depends. / That depends. 那要看情况。如:

I want to leave early but it all depends. 我想早点离开,但那要看情况。

A:Are you going too? 你也去吗?

B:That depends. 那要看情况。

6. It (all) depends on [upon]+wh-clause。根据某情况而定。如:

It depends (on) whether you can afford it. 这要看你是否买得起。

It all depends how you do it. 那要看你怎么办。

注:该句式中的介词 on, upon 常可省略。

dependent

1. be dependent on [upon] *** (sth) 依靠某人或某物。如:

Success is dependent on hard work. / Success is dependent on how hard you work. 成功取决于努力与否。

Whether we go or not is dependent on the weather. 我们是否去要看天气。

Children are always dependent on their parents. 儿童依靠父母。

describe

1. describe doing sth 描述做某事的情况。如:

He described going downstairs and finding his mother lying on the floor. 他讲述了他走下楼发现他母亲躺在地板上的情景。

2. describe *** (sth) to [for] *** 给某人描述某人或某事物。如:

Describe your new boy-friend to me. 请给讲讲你新交的男朋友。

Could you describe what you saw to [for] me? / Could you describe to [for] me what you saw? 请你将你所见到的情况描述给我听听好吗?

3. describe *** (sth) as 把某人或某物形容为(说成是)。如:

He described himself as a doctor. 他自称是医生。

He was described as (being) very clever. 据说他很聪明。

I hesitate to describe him as really clever. 我很难说他真聪明。

design

1. be of good (poor) design 设计好(不好)。如:

The house is of good (poor) design. 这座房子设计很差。

2. by design 故意地,蓄意地。如:

We don’t know if it was done by accident or by design. 我们不知道那是偶然做的还是故意做的。

3. have designs on *** (sth) 企图或图谋某人或某物。如:

He has designs on the girl. 他想打这个姑娘的主意。

He has designs on her life (money). 他要谋他的命(钱)。

4. be designed for 为……而计划或设计。如:

This house is designed for a large family. 这座房子是为大家庭而设计的。

The dictionary is designed for foreign students. 这本词典是供外国学生用的。

5. be designed to do sth 计划或设计做某事。如:

The book is designed to improve the students’ spoken English. 编写这本书的目的是为提高学生的英语口语。

The weekend party was designed to bring the two leaders together. 这次周末聚会的用意是要使两位领导人见面。

6. be designed as (被)计划或设计用作……。如:

The room was designed as the children’s playroom. 这间房间计划用作儿童游戏室。

This course is designed as as an introduction to the subject. 这门课程是作为该科目的入门课而开设的。

7. design *** (sth) for 为某目的或用途而计划某人或某事。如:

His father designed him for a lawyer. 他父亲打算要他当律师。

We designed that day for our departure. 我们预定那天启程。

desire

1. desire to do sth 希望做某事。如:

He desires to live in the country. 他希望住在乡下。

What do you desire me to do? 你希望我做什么?

2. desire *** to do sth 希望某人做某事。如:

We desire you to come at once. 我们希望你立即来。

He desires her to marry him. 他希望她能嫁给他。

注:该句型有时可与后接从句的句型转换。如:

We desire that you (should) come at once.

He desires that she (should) marry him.

3. have (a) desire for [to do] sth 渴望(做)某事物。如:

They had little desire for [to get] money. 他们对钱没有多大欲望。

He has a strong desire for success [to succeed]. 他渴望成功。

注:有时不连用动词 have。如:

He was filled with a desire to see his family again. 他心中充满了再见家人的愿望。

He told her of his desire for success. 他告诉了她渴望成功的愿望。

determine

1. be determined to do sth 决定做某事。如:

I am determined to go and nothing will stop me. 我已决定要去,什么也阻止不了我。

He is determined to find out who is to blame. 他决定要查出谁该负责。

比较下面两句在含义上的区别:

I have determined to go abroad. 我已决定出国。

I am determined to go abroad. 我已下定决心要出国。

在前一句里,determine 是界限动词,强调一时的动作;在第二句里,determined 用作形容词,说明的是一种状态, 即一种坚定不移的决心。

2. determine on [upon] (doing) sth 决定做某事。如:

We determined on an early start. 我们决定早点出发。

He determined on living alone. 他决定一个人生活。

3. determine *** against (doing) sth 使某人决定不做某事。如:

That determined her against leaving home. 那件事使她不离开家了。

The news determined her against further delay. 此消息使她不再拖延。

4. determine to do sth 决定做某事。如:

He determined to learn French. 他决定学法语.

She determined to work harder. 她决定更加努力工作。

注:determine to do sth 有时可以与 determine on doing sth转换。如:

He determined to leave. / He determined on leaving. 他决定离开。

5. determine *** to do sth 使某人决定做某事。如:

What determined you to accept the offer? 是什么使你接受此项提议?

His encouragement determined me to carry on with the work. 他的鼓励使我下定决心要把工作继续干下去。

devote

1. devote sth to (doing) sth 把时间(钱,精力等)献给某事物。如:

They devoted a great deal of money to the improvement of the railway station. 他们花了一大笔钱来改善火车站的条件。

He devoted all his free time to playing the piano. 他把所有的业余的时间都用来弹钢琴。

2. devote oneself to *** (doing sth)

(1) 献身于或致力于(做)某事。如:

After he graduated he continued to devote himself to research. 毕业之后他继续致力于研究工作。

He devoted himself to helping the poor. 他致力于帮助穷人。

(2) 专用于。如:

The newspaper devotes two pages to comics. 这份报纸用两页版面刊登连环漫画。

(3) 喜欢,热爱。如:

She devoted herself to tennis in her teens. 她在少女时代热衷于网球。

3. be devoted to *** (doing sth)

(1) 致力于,献身于。如:

The students are devoted to their studies. 学生们专心于学习。

(2) 专用于。如:

This dictionary is devoted to explaining word usage. 这本词典是解释词的用法的。

(3) 喜欢,疼爱。如:

She is devoted to her children. 她疼爱她的孩子。

The couple were devoted to each other. 两夫妻感情很好。

diary

1. keep [write] a diary 记日记。如:

I keep [write] a diary in English. 我用英语写日记。

A diarist is a person who keeps [writes] a diary. 日记作者即是写日记的人。

注:表示“记日记”,用动词 keep 和 write 均可, 但总的说来,用 keep 的情形较多,两者的细微区别是:用动词 keep 侧重指记日记的习惯,用动词 write则侧重指“写”的具体动作,因此要表示往日记里写什么东西时,通常要用 write。如:

He took out his diary and began to write. 他拿出日记本就写了起来。

He wrote everything he saw in his diary. 他把所看到的情况都写进日记里。

dictionary

1. consult a (the) dictionary 查字典。如:

Have you consulted a dictionary? 你查过字典吗?

I consulted the dictionary for the meaning of this word. 我查字典寻找这个词的词义。

2. look up sth in a (the) dictionary 查字典。如:

Look up these words in the dictionary. 在字典查查这些词。

If you want to know how a word is used, look it up in the

dictionary. 你要想知道一个词的用法,就去查字典。

3. look up a (the) dictionary 查字典。如:

I spend more time looking up the dictionary than reading

the book. 我读这本书时查字典的时间还多些。

Look up the dictionary and explain the meaning of the italicized words. 查字典然后解释斜体词的意思。

注:有人认为“查字典”,不能用该表达,其实太绝对了,以上两句例句均引自权威词书。

die

1. die from 死于……,因……而死。如:

He died from a heart attack. 他死于心脏病发作。

Many villagers die every year from snake bites. 每年都有许多村民死因被蛇咬而死亡。

2. die of 死于……,因……而死。如:

Her grandfather died of cancer. 他祖父死于癌症。

The animals died of starvation in the snow. 这些动物在雪地里饿死了。

注:关于 die from 与 die of 的区别:有人认为若死因存在于人体之上或之内,一般用介词 of; 若死因不是存在人体之内或之上,而是由环境造成的,则一般用介词 from。 但在现代英语中两者常可混用。

4. be dying for sth [to do sth] 迫切想要(做)某事。如:

He is dying for something to eat. 他极想弄点东西吃。

She is dying to know where he has gone. 他迫切想知道他到哪里去了。

5. die away (声音、风、光线等)渐息,渐弱。如:

THe breeze has died away. 微风渐渐止住了。

The sound of the car died away in the distance. 汽车的响声消失在远处。

6. die down (慢慢)熄灭,平静下来。如:

The fire died down. 火慢慢熄了。

His anger has died down a bit. 他的怒气已消了一点。

7. die off 一个一个地死去(die one by one)。如:

As he grew older, his relatives all died off. 随着他年龄的增长,他的亲人都一个一个地死去了。

8. die out (家族、种族、习俗、观念等)灭绝,绝迹。如:

Many old customs are dying out. 许多旧习俗正在消失。

difference

1. the difference between ……之间的差别。如:

The difference between 6 and 15 is 9. 6和15相差9。

What’s the difference between the two words? 这两个词有什么不同?

3. make a (no) difference 有(没有)差别,有(没有)影响,起(不起)重要作用”等。如:

The sea air has made a difference to her health. 海上的空气改善了她的健康状况。

It makes no difference to me whether he goes or not. 他去不去对我没影响。

注:有时可用其它限定词。如:

A:Does that make any difference? 那很重要吗?

B:Yes, it makes all the difference. 是的,很重要。

The rain didn’t make much difference to the game. 这场雨对比赛没什么影响。

different

1. (be) different from [to, than] 与……不同。如:

He is different from [to, than] me. 他与我不同。

American cars are different from [to, than] ours. 美国造的汽车和我们的不一样。

注:在英国英语中通常用 to, 在美国英语中通常用 than, 但两者均不如用 from 普遍。

difficult

1. It is difficult to do sth 做某事很困难。如:

It’s difficult to learn Japanese. 学日语很难。

It was difficult to decide which one to buy. 要决定买哪个很困难。

2. sth is difficult to do 做某事很困难。如:

The work is difficult to do. 这项工作很难做。

Such books are difficult to read. 那样的书很难读。

注:该结构用 sth 作主语,它必须是其后不定式的逻辑宾语,并且这类结构通常可与 it’s difficult to do sth 互换。如:

The mountain is difficult to climb. / It is difficult to climb the mountain. 这座山很难爬。

The question is difficult to answer. / It is difficult to answer the question. 要回答这个问题是困难的。

difficulty

1. have difficulty with [in] sth 对某事有困难。如:

Do you have any difficulty with [in] English? 你对(学习)英语有困难吗?

He has some difficulties with pronunciation. 他的发音有些困难。

2. have difficulty (in) doing sth 做某事有困难。如:

We have much difficulty (in) understanding what he says. 我们要理解他说的话有不少困难。

I had the greatest difficulty in persuading him. 为了说服他,我费了好大的力气。

注:该句型中的动词 have 有时可用 find, (there) be 换之。如:

He finds little difficulty learning English. 他觉得学习英语没什么困难。

There is much difficulty in finding his office. 没费什么力劲就找到了他的办公室。

3. with difficulty 困难地,费力地。如:

That man walked with difficulty. 那个人走路很费力。

He did it, but with difficulty. 他做是做了,但颇为费力。

4. without difficulty 容易地,不费力的。如:

He did it without much (any) difficulty. 他完成那件事没费什么(任何)劲。

The taxi driver found the house without much difficulty. 出租车司机没没费什么力就找到了这座房子。

direct

1. direct *** to do sth 命令某人做某事。如:

The officer directed his men to advance slowly. 那军官命令部下缓慢前进。

2. direct sth to (doing) sth

(1) 把(精力、注意力等)集中在……。如:

We will direct our energies to improving conditions. 我们将要集中精力改善条件。

(2) 把……的方向指给……。如:

Can you direct me to the railway station? 请你告诉我去火车站怎么走好吗?

(3) 把(邮件)寄给……。如:

Shall I direct this letter to his business address or to his home address? 我是把这封寄到他的办公地点,还是寄到他家里?

(4) 针对……而说(写)。如:

My remarks were not directed to all of you. 我的话并非指你们全体说的。

direction

1. in the direction

(1) 朝……方向。如:

We’re going in the direction of the east (the park). 我们将朝东(公园这个方向)走。

Tom walked in one direction and Jim in another. 汤姆往一个方向走了,吉姆朝另一个方向走了。

(2) 在……方面。如:

We are making changes in various directions. 我们正在多方面进行改革。

The town shows improvement in many directions. 这个城镇在很多方面都有改善。

2. under one’s direction 在某人的指导下。如:

We did the work under his direction. 我们在他的指导下工作。

The research center will be under his direction. 这个研究中心将由他指挥。

disappointed

1. be disappointed in [with] *** 对某人感到失望。如:

I’m disappointed in you: I expected you to win. 你让我失望了,我本来指望你能赢的。

My parents will be disappointed in[with] me if I fail in the exam. 要是我考试不及格,我父母会对我感到失望的。

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2. be disappointed at [about] doing sth对发生某情况感到失望。如:

She was very disappointed at [about] losing the race. 她输了这场比赛,感到很失望。

I was disappointed at not finding her at home. 我发现她不在家,感到很失望。

3. be disappointed with [about, at, in] sth对某一事实或情况感到失望。如:

We are disappointed about [at] his failure. 我们对他失败感到失望。

I was disappointed at [with, in] the result. 我对那结果感到失望。

4. be disappointed to do sth 对做某事感到失望。如:

I was disappointed to hear [=at] the news. 听到这个消息我感到很失望。

I was disappointed not to be chosen. 我未被选中,感到很失望。

disappointment

1. be a disappointment to *** 让使人失望。如:

Her children are a disappointment to her. 她的孩子让她感到失望。

His failure was a disappointment to his wife. 他的失败使他妻子很失望。

2. to one’s disappointment 使某人失望的是。如:

To my great disappointment, he wasn’t on that train. 使我大为失望的是,他不在那列火车上。

discover

1. discover how to do sth 发现如何做某事。如:

We never discovered how to open the box. 我们始终也没找到如何打开那个箱子。

They haven’t discovered how to improve their techniques. 他们还没有找到提高技术的办法。

2. discover *** (sth) to be 发现某人或某物是……。如:

We discovered her to be a good cook. 我们发现她很会煮饭。

We discovered him to be untrustworthy. 我们发现他很不可靠。

3. discover *** (sth) doing sth 发现或撞见某人或某物在做某事。如:

He discovered her crying in the room. 他发现她在房里哭。

I discovered him kissing my wife. 我撞见他在吻我的妻子。

discuss

1. discuss doing sth 讨论做某事的问题。如:

They discussed selling the house. 他们商量过卖房子的事。

田野上一片积雪的翻译  第2张

We’re here to discuss Ann’s joining the club. 我们这次碰头是为了谈谈安入会的事。

注:discuss 后通常不接不定式,但若不定式之前有连接代词或连接副词,则可以用于其后。如:

We will discuss how to do it and who should do it. 我们要讨论怎样做这事以及由谁来做事。

2. discuss sth ( *** ) with *** 同某人讨论某事。如:

She discussed her plans with her mother. 她同她妈妈讨论了她的计划。

Have you been discussing me with your friends? 你和你的朋友在议论我吗?

注:discuss(讨论)是及物动词,注意不要其后误加介词about。

3. discuss wh-clause 讨论是否做某事。如:

We discussed when we should go. 我们讨论了什么时候去。

We discussed whether we should close the shop. 我们讨论了是否应该把店关掉。

注:discuss 后可接 whether 引导的宾语从句,但不接 if 引导的宾语从句。

distance

1. at a (some) distance 在一定距离的地方,隔开一些距离, 有些距离。如:

The picture looks better at a distance. 这幅画远些看更好些。

2. at [from] a distance of 在……的地方。如:

You can see the tower at [from] a distance of 20miles. 你在20英里外就可以看到这座塔。

3. from a distance 从远处(方)。如:

Many guests came from a distance. 许多客人从远方来。

It is a very beautiful house, especially from a distance. 这是一座漂亮的房子,尤其是从远处看更是如此。

4. in the distance 在远处,在远方。如:

I saw some *** oke in the distance. 我看到远处有些烟。

A ship could be seen in the distance. 可以看到远处有艘轮船。

5. keep one’s distance from 保持距离(用于本义或引申义)。如:

Keep your distance from that dog. 不要太接近那条狗。

Keep your distance from that man. 不要与那个人太亲近。

6. keep *** at a distance 与某人保持距离,疏远某人。如:

She no longer kept her neighbours at a distance. 她不再对邻居冷淡了。

7. with ……distance of 在……的距离内。如:

He lives within easy distance of his work. 他住在离上班很近的地方。

The beach is within walking distance of my house. 海滩离我家不远,走几步就到。

divide

1. divide sth into sth 把某物分成某物(指把整体分为部分)。如:

He divided the children into four groups. 他把孩子们分成四组。

The USA is divided into 50 states. 美国被分为50个州。

注:表示把某物分成两半, 可用 divide sth into halves, 也可用 divide sth in half / divide sth in [into] two。

2. divide sth among [between] *** (sth) 把某物分(配)给某人或某物。如:

We divided the work between us. 我们分担这份工作。

They divided the money between [among] themselves. 他们把那笔钱分了。

He divided his time between work and study. 他把时间分别花在工作和学习上。

3. divide sth from sth 把某物与某一物分开。如:

The English channel divides England from France. 英吉利海峡把英法两国分隔开来。

A low brick wall divides our garden from our neighbor’s garden. 一堵矮砖墙把我们的花园与邻居的花园分开。

注:这样用的 divide 通常用 separate 代之。

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